Is Technology Helping Piracy,

Is Technology Helping Piracy,

With the increasing technology and increasingly advanced programs adding up every day on the internet, it has become impossible to stop or discourage plagiarism. Technology has apparently become the greatest hindrance in implying copyright laws at the moment.

From the very first lesson we teach our children the dangers of plagiarism and to stay away from it. We encourage them to follow the right ways of almost everything in their lives but we ignore the fact that most of them already are violating copyright. When they share music videos with friends of their favorite band, they are practicing plagiarism of copyright facts already perhaps without even knowing of it.

The music industry is affected the most by this infringement. Though musicians and artists are always coming up with new lawsuits and updating their security, nothing seems to change the infringement levels much. To make matters worse, there are programs available on the internet that can help get through security locks on songs and music videos. It needs a little research and information but such violation tactics are very readily available. Piracy with the help of such tools leaves no evidence either.

Photographers also find too much piracy in their field. Even people with no knowledge of this profession, can alter or create photographs without leaving any trace of infringement. A photo printing lab in Florida refused to print an amateur work because it looked too professional and the developer feared violating someone else’s copyright facts. Mobile cameras are also making law enforcement in terms of copyright law difficult. Anyone can take pictures of copyrighted art and share it beyond limits.

Even writers and publishers face similar piracy problems. There was a great outcry from authors and content owners when Google announced to put four university libraries online so searchers can have access to more material than they previously did. The people concerned believed it was a great violation of their copyright facts and were immensely supported by France. They believed it would cause them big financial loss.

Seeing so much plagiarism, people are getting discouraged and they believe original creations attract more piracy than profit for the owner. But the good news is, more and more technology experts, administrators and attorneys are coming together to ensure the copyright protection of tangible, original works. As more laws emerge, there will originate more ways of violation but the results are still awaited and work to strengthen security is still in progress.

Copyright Act of United Kingdom

Copyright Act of United Kingdom

Copyright Law is part of the intellectual property law that assures security of original compositions. The Copyright Act grants protection against plagiarism to all tangible pieces of work. These include work pertaining to literature, music, film, art, lectures in public, Government work, question papers of an examination and plans of a building.

In United Kingdom, a copyrighted product is secure with the government and is reproduced by the owner from an official government source if the date or content of his work is challenged for infringement. This effort is put in to increase the economic benefits of the owner and encourage more people to participate with their creativity which in turn helps in exploring new talents, techniques and materials. All this eventually benefits the country. Copyright Registration Service is offered by the intellectual property office to keep track of the output of businesses and individuals for the protection of copyright ownership.

In UK, copyright registration is conducted by agents of copyright or attorneys at the office of the copyright of UK. Works of literature, music, drama, art and sound recordings are protected from unlawful reproductions or translations. A register is maintained where they enter names and titles of the work along with the complete details of the author, publisher and owner of copyright.

The owner, author, publisher or any person who lawfully wishes to attain the rights of a particular product, may apply by submitting a form with the prescribed fee to the Registrar of Copyright for entering the details of the work in the Register of Copyright. Once the application is received from the owner of the original work, the registrar then carries out necessary inquiry before issuing copyrights. If a correction is required after the registration has taken place, the authorized person files an application again. This is brought into notice of the registrar who then orders rectification. Omissions or incorrect additions are then taken care of and altered as required. Whether it be a change in name, address or any other detail, it is carried out by the registrar and the entry is amended in the register of copyright.

Any entry made in the Register of Copyrights or an alteration in terms of addition or omission in the already existing entries, is brought to public notice by the registrar either by publishing it in the Official Gazette or by any other means he finds appropriate. The Copyright Act of UK provides a big range of categories to protect the creativity of its people from violation. These categories include art, literature, music, drama, films, broadcasts, official work and allow them to reproduce their work and perform in public without fearing plagiarism.

Outdated Copyrights

Outdated Copyrights

I have always been interested in do it yourself plans and worked upon searching for these. Before the internet was commonly used, I searched books and magazines for the same. I discovered many copies of old magazines like Mechanix Illustrated, Science and Mechanics and many others of the kind offered lots of such do it yourself plans. The internet definitely made things much easier and quicker and helped in clearing many doubts about copyrighted works.

After having worked upon hundreds of such articles, I discovered that articles with expired copyright entered a “public domain” and was accessible by anyone for any purpose; no one could claim any copyright infringement on these works. All materials published in the United States between 1923 and 1964 were issued a 28 year copyright which had to be renewed in the 28th year. If this was not done prior to the expiry date, the project entered the public domain and its copyright could not be refreshed. Any work that was published before 1923 has now automatically entered the public domain without any exceptions. In 1964, copyright laws were changed and works registered in this year were copyrighted for a much longer time. However, in certain cases, publications up to 1978 are found in the public domain.

An expired copyright invites all kinds of infringement and plagiarism. Anyone can use this work at any time for any work. This does not only include printed material but also audios and videos. These projects can be reproduced, reprinted, exhibited, broadcasted, or altered.

Anyone willing to claim copyrights over a public domain item must change it considerably and then apply for the authority of its rights. The project in the original form has been accepted as a copyright expired material therefore, it cannot be registered after the expiry date.

When copying another author’s piece, you must be very careful of his moral and legal rights or your work will be accused of copyright violation. Works dating back to before 1923 are definitely, without any doubt, in the public domain and there is no objection in reproducing it. Any project that interests you and was published between 1923 and 1964 will most probably be in the public domain but its status should be confirmed by checking records at the United States Copyright Office. This can more conveniently be done online. Works dating back to even before 1928 can also be found on many website, is one of the examples.

China Making Improvements in Copyright Protection

China Making Improvements in Copyright Protection

China’s video web sites have made “fundamental” improvements in their use of audiovisual products with authorized copyrights, according to Yan Xiaohong, deputy director of the General Administration of Press and Publication. Now, at least 76 percent of movies shown on the country’s 18 largest video web sites are shown in authorized-copyright format.

While people living in China may still find it relatively easy to buy a pirated movie in DVD format on the street, or download a non-copyright edition of a book from the internet, China’s efforts to enhance its copyright environment is undeniable. Major progress in recent years includes the official shutdown of the download services provided by China’s main file sharing web sites such as BTChina and VeryCD, both of which were then major online platforms where pirated cultural products were uploaded and shared by netizens.

China is also going through the third-round of amendments to its “Copyright Law,” which was first approved in 1990 before being amended both in 2001 and 2010. During the previous amendments, new concepts were introduced in line with both technological developments and international practices.

While cracking down on piracy in one hand, China is advancing its copyright exchange regime in the other. The National Copyright Administration (NCA) is making an attempt to gradually “normalize” China’s copyright trading activities, Yan said at a forum held on February 17.

Copyright exchange is coming into fashion nowadays, as it benefits both copyright owners as well as users. A platform for such trading activities enables the owners to profit more efficiently, and lets buyers have greater access to obtain copyright use rights at lower costs.

As an experiment in copyright trading, the NCA established a National Common Market for Copyright Exchange in 2009. Up until now, key members of the association have conducted copyright trading transactions amounting to RMB1.8 billion. In addition, they are also making copyrights an emerging financing vehicle by providing loan services with copyrights as pledges.

Opinion: China gains momentum in copyright protectionComplaints from international investors regarding China’s poor intellectual property rights environment may have pushed China to make changes, but the increasing benefits the country is seeing by promoting copyright products have likely provided the government with even greater motivation.

For instance, with less access to pirated movies, Chinese citizens go to the cinemas more regularly and movie distributors have seen box-office revenues surge to US$2.1 billion in 2011. Recently, China reached a settlement with the United States to allow an additional 14 movies in 3D or iMax format to be imported from U.S. movie makers every year, in addition to the current cap of 20 standard movies. Although U.S. studios can collect a greater portion of box-office proceeds based on the agreement (25 percent compared with the current 13.5 percent-17.5 percent), the increasing imports of those premium movies will still mean considerable growth in revenues for Chinese movie theaters.

The above-mentioned settlement on movie imports is also an outcome of a World Trade Organization (WTO) dispute filed by the United States back in 2007, where China’s scope of movie import restrictions was found inconsistent with its WTO obligations. This case – which indicates a trend that China may be pushed to hold a more open attitude to cultural product imports – requires the government to increase its efforts to protect the interests of domestic importers who pay money for foreign copyright use.

Another important motivation for China to fight piracy is the need to shield and encourage its own cultural development. As part of its plan to expand the country’s “soft power” to the whole world, the government has offered various incentives to boost its cultural industries, and has called for increasing mergers and acquisitions as well as international cooperation to improve the strength of its media platform. Such new tendencies in industrial upgradation have naturally increased the authority’s sense of copyright protection.

The Significance of Choosing The Right Copywriting Services Provider

It is a well-known fact that some words grab your attention in any article or write up. Hence, anyone who is engaged in a business and anyone having a website will have to ensure that the content they put up is unique, relevant, and informative. No one has the time to go through realms of worthless information. We live in a fast-paced world and everything happens in a matter of seconds – this involves the decision making as well.

There is a lot of competition in every field and the web surfers are just a click away from the rest of your competitors. Although you might be selling the same product or offering the same services at affordable rates, you will have to ensure that the net surfers notice your presence and think you have something unique to offer. So, if you have to do things in a professional manner it is important to engage the copywriting services of a reputed copywriting company.

It is imperative that you choose the best copywriting services as this will help in making all the difference. These are professionals who have years of experience and the necessary skill to produce the best content. Writing is a special skill and whether it is a blog or a marketing campaign, a good copywriting company will have experts in this field and they will be able to write content that have all the right qualities to grab attention and convince the reader as well.

These copywriting services will help in providing content that not only attracts potential customers, but will also guide them to choose your products and services over the others. This can only happen if the customer is absolutely convinced that he/she is getting a better deal. So, the information that is provided by the copywriting company will not only help in arousing interest, but this will also help in sealing the deal.

The main aim of these service providers is to ensure that you keep the focus on your business goals. In order to help maximize your business goals, these copywriting services will plan your content structure accordingly and analyze market dynamics as well. When there is a better understanding of all these important aspects, it becomes easier to reach your target audience. It also helps in getting a better understanding of the psychology of the customers as well.

A good copywriting company will understand that it is important to have gentle persuasive skills and they will also be in tune with the changing trends in search engine optimization. As there is so much of competition, you must choose copywriting services that offer value for money. The content that is written will be fresh, informative, and it will engage the readers and keep their interests alive. A reputed copywriting company will also be able to give customized solutions for every client in order to meet the unique needs of the clients as well as their businesses. Choosing the right company is absolutely essential as it makes a world of difference.

Tips to Choose a Good Business And Civil Litigation Lawyer

Why someone should really look for a lawyer, The answer is when you have a conflict or when you fear losing profit. Lawyers delve into the nitty-gritty of all the human problems that someone can imagine. They are paid to extricate clients from the emotional or financial nets in which they have become enmeshed or to find ways for the clients to escape being netted.

If you own a business in Ventura County then at some point you are going to need a lawyer. Contrary to popular perception, lawyers do more than just solve problems. An experienced small-business lawyer can help you to start your business, look over and negotiate proposed leases and prepare contracts. Attorneys help you comply with regulations, which govern everything from finance and credit to incorporation and zoning. You will need a lawyer if you acquire an intellectual property, engage in litigation, sell your business or file for bankruptcy, for instance.

Business lawyers are professionals who have experience and knowledge of issues that surrounds the starting and running of a business. They are typically generalists who have a working experience on a wide range of issues, from copyright and trademark to tax and employment law. Some larger law firms have attorneys specializes in specific areas. The best way to find a small business lawyer in Ventura County that works with small businesses is to ask acquaintances and friends who have small businesses.

If you are involved in a legal dispute between two or more parties that may result in monetary compensation or some specific performance rather than criminal sanctions then you need a Ventura County civil litigation attorney. When you hire a civil litigation attorney, he will examine your case rigorously and determine whether or not you have a claim. The attorney will file the complaint and represent you in court, while things such as monetary damages will likely settle before trial. Hiring a Ventura County civil litigation attorney can relieve a lot of stress because the attorney will be managing and litigating your case. An attorney will ask you whether you want to go to trial or want to settle the dispute, meaning that ultimately you are still in control of your case’s direction.

You can ask your friends or relatives for references of any small business lawyer and civil litigation lawyer around your neighborhood. They should have enough legal and business experience to handle your routine work and to represent you efficiently in case of any legal problem. The attorney you choose should be reliable and accessible through different means, such as through phone and email, so you have multiple ways to reach them in case of an emergency. A business lawyer should also have extensive knowledge about the various contracts, licenses or permits required to run your business in your state whereas a civil attorney should be well versed about crime, personal injury, landlord/tenant disputes and motor vehicle disputes.

Work Operations of Law Firms at Southern California

Work Operations of Law Firms at Southern California

A law firm is a business entity formed by one or more lawyers engaged in the practice of law. The main role of a law firm is to advise clients, whether they are individuals or corporations, about their legal rights and responsibilities and to represent their clients in civil or criminal cases, business transactions, and other matters in which legal advice and other assistance is sought. Law firms in Southern California range in size from sole practitioners to firms with literally hundreds or thousands of lawyers. There are four categories of lawyers: sole practitioners, small law firms, mid-size law offices and large offices. Sole practitioners can be excellent lawyers; the benefit of working with sole practitioners is that your case is not going to get lost in the shuffle because it is not going to be handed off to any other attorney.

The qualities of successful law firms Southern California are that they have backup or additional help when it is needed. They should have shared resources, such as technology, library, forms, research and other work products. The law firm should have expertise and access to others with different disciplines, also highly trained associates, legal assistants and support staff. The management should be more sophisticated and skillful. The lawyers should give emotional support, encouragement and personal recognition. The law firm should be flexible enough to allow lawyers to be more involved in community and bar activities.

A law firm cannot operate as a collection of practices, which have no interaction with one another. When individual practices merely exist under the same roof, internal competition, hoarding of work, suspicion and jealousy develop naturally. Successful law firms must have a focus or reason for being, and each lawyer should develop specialized expertise consistent with the firm’s mission. A law firm in Southern California typically has employees in addition to the lawyers and knowing who these people are and what they do may help you to be a more informed client and thereby facilitate the effectiveness of your lawyer’s representation. Typically, the hierarchy can include any of the following people like Partners, Associates, Contract Lawyers, Of-counsel lawyers, Law clerks, Paralegals, Legal Assistants, Legal Secretaries, Receptionists, Investigators, Administrative Personnel and Marketing Directors.

The well-known business maxim “the client always comes first” applies to several law firms. All decisions and efforts must be focused on what is in the best in the long-term interests of the clients. Client communication, service and needs are paramount concerns in firms with this kind of attribute. The firm’s culture is a complex but usually cohesive amalgam of a firm’s ideas, customs, values, personalities, backgrounds, relationships and skills. It is honed over time, reshaped periodically by both internal and external factors, and manifested in its lawyers and how they practice and relate with each other. It reveals itself in how decisions are made, their ethics, communication styles, how information is shared, attorney relationships, significance of meritocracy in advancement, morale, the reward system and how employees are treated and recognized.

Need of Copyrighting For Bloggers

Need of Copyrighting For Bloggers

Bloggers generally want their message to spread across the internet. If you are a blogger and write good content, you must have copied your work and other people across the internet must be copying it too. As long as the copied work is used for the popularity of your work and the content advertises your true message, it is in your interest. But if the blog is used with some other name and your purpose is violated, this will be an infringement of your copyright.

Most bloggers do not consider copyrighting their blogs as they want to invite people to copy their work and make the message known far and wide. But copyright does not only stop such reproduction, it also asserts the creators authority over his work. You may not object to your project being copied but if the essence of a good message is violated, you will have problems. Say if you use your message for a social cause, and the reproducer used it to his own benefit, the true spirit of your message is destroyed. If you have copyrighted your work, you will have the authority to challenge this act.

Once you register your work with the United States Copyright Office, you can put a copyright symbol on each of your blogs to discourage plagiarism. This act will certainly discourage 50% to 75% people involved in violating an author’s moral rights but the other hardcore thieves cannot be stopped. There are some people belonging to the new generation who do not believe in copyright facts and they think any information available is everyone’s right. Such people never give credit to the author and believe it is their right to use the content in any form that they wish. For such cases, the assertion of a legal authority is a necessity. This is where a registered copyright comes to the rescue.

Copying content off a blog and spreading out the message in its true essence with credits to the author is perfect but when the author’s name is eliminated, that is not right. Even if the blog is not registered, the author of any tangible work has moral rights and the copyrights exist whether registered or not. Certain people who wish to help you spread your message, copy your blog and leave a link on your website. You can contact them later and show our gratitude. The others who want to violate your purpose will never use your name with your message nor will they respond to your emails that you send them.

Though no rules now with the increasing technology can stop copyright infringement, but it is still better to stay on the safe side by registering your copyright and acquiring trademarks for your logos and business names. Even if you are a blogger, at some point you may feel you need to apply your authority to snub the others.

Who Owns The Copyright of Work Created By A Contractor, A Trap For The Unwary

Who Owns The Copyright of Work Created By A Contractor, A Trap For The Unwary

It’s really basic: ownership of the copyright in work a business pays for can often be critical for successful commercialization of that work. Unfortunately, the U.S. Copyright contains arcane provisions that will often produce a counter intuitive result – leaving full copyright ownership with the contractor. How could this possibly be- Internet attorneys, advisors and businesses cannot afford not to be aware of the applicable laws.

BACKGROUND:

When copyrightable work is created by an employee, the work can become the property of the employer in one of two ways: either by qualifying as a “work made for hire” as defined in Section 101 of the U.S. Copyright Act or by having the employee assign the work to the employer.

A “work made for hire” can be created by an employee or by an independent contractor. If created by an employee within the scope of his or her employment, then all such work is automatically owned by the employer as a “work made for hire.” No written agreement or mention in an employee manual is required, though this may be recommended.

HOWEVER, when work is created by an independent contractor, then the law starts getting strange and, as time has passed, out of touch with reality. The work created by an independent contractor will only qualify as a “work made for hire,” and therefore owned by the employer, IF

(1) there is a written agreement that the work is a “work made for hire” and

(2) the work falls within one of the following categories: “a contribution to a collective work, as a part of a motion picture or other audiovisual work, as a translation, as a supplementary work, as a compilation, as an instructional text, as a test, as answer material for a test, or as an atlas.” When was the last time you hired a contractor to prepare a test or an atlas- If the work does not fall in one of these categories, then even a written agreement stating that the work is a “work made for hire” will not be effective in causing the work to be owned by the employer. In such a case, only a written assignment of copyright will be effective. Computer software, websites, graphic work, and music will often not be considered included in one of the “work made for hire” categories.

Let’s be clear on this, the default under the law is that copyright will be owned by the contractor UNLESS there is a written agreement that the work is a “work made for hire” (if it qualifies under one of the listed categories) or the work is assigned in writing to the employer. This is a counter intuitive result – but that’s the law.

To make things worse, what if a business has all of the correct documents in place with the independent contractor, but the independent contractor, hired a different independent contractor, and did not have the correct documents in place with this second independent contract. Well, you get the picture.

WHAT IS AN INDEPENDENT CONTRACTOR,

There are multiple factors that can be applied to determine whether there is an employment or an independent contractor relationship. Here some of the factors that will be considered and no single factor will be determinative:

1. Does the hiring party have the right to control the manner and means by which the work is created,

2. Who provides the equipment and tools needed to produce the work,

3. Is the hired party working on the hiring party’s premises or on their own premises,

4. Does the hired party have discretion when and how long to work,

5. Is the method of payment hourly or by the project,

6. Is the hired party getting any benefits offered to employees,

7. Is the hiring party withholding taxes,

IMPLIED LICENSE:

If you don’t obtain copyright ownership in work you commissioned based upon the above analysis, then all might not be lost. Usually, when work is commissioned and paid for, then the hiring party and independent contractor understood that the goal of the project was that the hiring party was going to use the work that was created. This would create an implied license. Whereas, a “work made for hire” agreement or a copyright assignment, MUST be in writing, a license (other than an exclusive assignment) does not have to be in writing.

The complications begin when trying to define the scope of use granted by an implied license. For instance, if a website was developed for a business, then the business would have the right to use the website for the purpose for which it was created. However, could the business “white label” the website and license it out to third parties, Could the business modify the website or take components from the website and use them for a different purpose than for which is was originally developed,

BOTTOM LINE:

Make sure you don’t fall into this trap for the unwary, and end up paying a lot for a product that you cannot properly exploit.

Relevant Info on Copyright Protection

Relevant Info on Copyright Protection

Copyright is the security provided to a form of original work against being reproduced unlawfully. This can be any kind of work ranging from writing, movies, paintings, photographs, musical recordings to live performances, sound broadcasts and computer software.

Copyright law gives the owner an edge over the others by authorizing him to replicate the work, generate more works based on the original piece, hand out copies of work for sale or lease and display his work in public. A copyrighted piece can only be reproduced if the owner authorizes another party otherwise an infringement case can be filed against the accused work.

The copyright only covers the overall form or the manner of expression of the idea displayed. It does not deal with the real idea, fact, concept or technique. For instance, when a movie is copyrighted, the final end product is saved from being reproduced by another party without permission but it cannot restrict others from making movies using the same or different techniques.

What pieces can be copyrighted,

Copyright law applies to any form of original work in a tangible form. These include stories on paper, songs on tape and computer programs on disks. Any piece of work that is copyrighted falls in one of the following categories: architectural work; dramatic works including accompanying music; literary works; motion pictures; musical works including accompanying words; pantomimes and choreographic works; pictorial, sculptural, graphic works; sound recordings.

What Copyright law pertains to,

Copyright does not pertain to all kinds of work. For this law to apply, certain conditions have to be considered. The work must be in a tangible form; a hard copy is necessary. If a tangible form does not exist, this Copyright law cannot apply. For instance a speech or performance that was never written or recorded, cannot be copyrighted.Ideas, concepts, procedures, discoveries, devices, methods, etc. are not legible for the application of copyright law.

Similarly short phrases, titles, names, slogans, familiar designs or symbols, lettering, coloring, contents, ingredients, etc. cannot be work that is made up of common property and contains no original authorship such as tape measures, rules, calendars, lists, tables, height charts, weight charts, etc.

Copyright law provides protection against unlawful and replication of original works but only in tangible forms. Though lots of working has already been done to improve this Copyright law, copyright law still faces quite a few challenges. Copyright is a legal concept, enacted by most governments, giving the creator of an original work exclusive rights to it, usually for a limited time.